You are providing a healthy start for your child. Almost everything you eat or inhale while pregnant will pass through to the foetus. This procedure begins the moment you conceive. Indeed, the embryo is most vulnerable during the first two months, when the primary parts (arms, legs, hands, feet, liver, heart, genitalia, eyes, and brain) are developing. Chemical compounds found in cigarettes, alcohol, glycerol, and certain prescriptions can disrupt the development process and cause congenital defects.
Take smoking, for example. If you smoke while pregnant, your baby’s birth weight may be dramatically reduced. Giving Your Child a Healthy Start Almost everything you consume or breathe while pregnant will be passed on to the foetus. This process begins the moment you get pregnant. The embryo is most vulnerable during the first two months of development when the principal parts (arms, legs, hands, feet, liver, heart, genitalia, eyes, and brain) are developing. Chemical substances found in cigarettes, alcohol, prescription medicines, and certain foods can disrupt development and cause birth abnormalities. Take, for example, smoking. If you smoke while pregnant, the birth weight of your kid may be significantly reduced. Even breathing smoke from other people’s cigarettes (passive smoking) can harm your kid. Avoid smoking areas and urge smokers not to light up near you. If you smoked before becoming pregnant and continued to do so, now is the moment to quit—not only until you give birth, but forever. Children who grow up in a smoking household have greater ear infections and respiratory difficulties in infancy and early childhood.
They have more sore throats, cough and wheeze more, have a harder time recovering from colds, and are more prone to hoarseness. They have also been demonstrated to be more inclined to smoke when they grow up. Even breathing smoke from other people’s cigarettes (passive smoking) can harm your kid. Avoid smoking areas and urge smokers not to light up near you. If you smoked before becoming pregnant and continued to do so, now is the moment to quit—not only until you give birth, but forever. Children who grow up in a smoking household have greater ear infections and respiratory difficulties in infancy and early childhood. They have more sore throats, cough and wheeze more, have a harder time recovering from colds, and are more prone to hoarseness. They have also been demonstrated to be more inclined to smoking when they grow up. Alcohol usage is also a source of concern. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy raises the risk of foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a disorder that causes birth abnormalities and lower IQ.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterised by heart problems, malformed limbs (e.g., club foot), a curved spine, a small head, abnormal facial traits, small body size, and low birth weight. DM is also the leading cause of mental retardation in newborns. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy increases the likelihood of a miscarriage or preterm delivery, as well. Although no one has determined exactly how much alcohol is too much for a pregnant woman, there is evidence that the more you drink, the greater the risk to the fetus. It is best not to consume any alcoholic beverages when pregnant. You should also avoid taking any medications or supplements unless your doctor has specifically advised you to do so. This includes not only prescription drugs, but also nonprescription or over-the-counter medications such as aspirin, cold treatments, and antihistamines. Even vitamins can be harmful in large doses. (Excess vitamin A, for example, has been linked to congenital heart disease) (existing from birth] abnormalities.) Consult your doctor before using any medicines or supplements during pregnancy, even ones labelled “natural.”
You should also reduce your caffeine intake when pregnant.” While no detrimental effects from a single cup of caffeinated coffee per day have been demonstrated, current studies suggest that consuming excessive levels of caffeine during pregnancy may have an influence on foetal growth. Caffeine can also be found in a variety of soft drinks and foods, including chocolate. It also tends to keep adults awake and angry, making things less comfortable and restful for them. Illness during pregnancy is another cause of congenital malformations. You should take the following precautions against harmful diseases: Mental retardation, cardiac problems, cataracts, and deafness can all be caused by German measles (rubella). Fortunately, immunisation can now prevent this illness, albeit you must not be inoculated against rubella while pregnant. The majority of adult women are immune to German measles because they were infected as children or were previously inoculated. If you are unsure whether you are immune, request a blood test from your obstetrician. If the test reveals that you are not immune, you will be informed.
The Academy’s message is clear: do not smoke while pregnant. Many studies now demonstrate that if a woman smokes during her pregnancy, her baby’s birth weight and growth throughout the first year of life may be reduced. The list of undeniable repercussions ranges from reduced foetal breathing motions to cancer and heart trouble later in life. Cancer, respiratory problems, and anaemia during foetal life If you smoke, quitting is easy. I don’t smoke around children (particularly indoors or in the car) if you can’t quit. Chil Children with smoking parents have more respiratory infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, and worse pulmonary function than children without smokers. The Academy supports legislation that would restrict smoking in public places where children congregate. The Academy also supports a tobacco advertising ban, harsher advertising, harsher warning labels on cigarette packages, and a rise in the cigarette excise levy. Sense or anybody is caused by a must avoid ill youngster, especially during the initial months of your pregnancy. It is then advised that you obtain this immunization after giving birth in order to avoid this problem in the future. If you have not already had chickenpox, avoid anyone with the disease or anyone who has recently been exposed to the disease.
You should also get the preventative vaccine if you are not pregnant. Toxoplasmosis primarily affects cat owners. This condition is caused by a parasite infection that is common in cats, but it can also be found in raw meat and seafood. People who come into contact with infected faeces may become infected themselves because the infected animal excretes a version of the parasite in its stools. If you have a cat, have it tested for toxoplasmosis before becoming pregnant, or as early as feasible during your pregnancy. You can lower your cat’s risk of contracting toxoplasmosis by feeding it only commercially produced cat food that has been treated to remove the parasites. Also, to reduce your chances of infection, have someone who is not pregnant clean the litter box on a daily basis. (The parasites that cause toxoplasmosis cannot infect people until 48 hours after the cat excretes them.) If you clean the litter box or handle cat litter, make sure to properly wash your hands afterwards. Toxoplasmosis is found in raw meat and fish, as previously stated, thus avoid consuming uncooked or partially cooked meat or fish, such as sushi, and practise excellent hand-washing practices after handling uncooked animal items.